Many traditions associate the various planets with specific deities. Below is a chart of suggested associations.

Planet Roman deity Greek deity Realm of Influence
Sun Sol or Apollo Ἥλιος (Helios) Ἀπέλλων (Apollon) Sun God & Golden God of Prophecy
Moon Luna or Diana Σελήνη (god:Selene) or Ἄρτεμις (god:Artemis) God/dess of the Moon, God/dess of the Hunt, Goddess of Childbirth and Pregnancy
Mercury Mercury ʽἙρμῆς (Hermes) Messenger of the Gods, Guide of Souls
Venus Venus Ἀφροδίτη (Aphrodite) God/dess of Love, passion
Earth Terra Γαία (Gaia) the Earth, Earthmother
Mars Mars Ἀρης (Ares) God of War
Ceres Ceres Δημήτηρ (Demeter) Agriculture, Grain God/dess
Jupiter Jupiter Ζεύς (Zeus) King of the Gods
Saturn Saturn Κρόνος (Kronos) God of Time, Father God
Uranus Caelus Ουρανός (Uranos) God/dess of the Heavens
Neptune Neptune Ποσειδῶν (Poseidon) God of the Sea
Pluto Pluto/Orcus Πλούτων (Pluton)/Ἅιδης (Hades) God of the Underworld

The 12 signs of the Zodiac are also occasionally used by some modern polytheistic Pagans to determine when the best time to focus on each of their Gods might be and when each God has the most influence. See for more information on the Hellenic model.

Some people chose to begin the Zodiacal month when the sun enters the zodiac sign, usually around 21st of the Roman calendar month, while others choose to begin the month when the new moon occurs within the zodiac sign (usually within a few days of the sun entering the sign).

The following chart outlines these relationships.

Zodiac Sign Greek God Roman God Approximate Solar Date
Aries Athena (ΑΘΗΝΑ) or Ares (ΑΡΗΣ) Minerva or Mars March 21
Taurus Aphrodite (ΑΦΡΟΔΙΤΗ) Venus April 21
Gemini Apollon (ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝ) or Hermes (ΕΡΜΗΣ) apollo or Mercury May 21
Cancer Hermes (ΕΡΜΗΣ) or Hestia (ΕΣΤΙΑ) or Hecate (Ἑκάτη) Mercury or Vesta June 21
Leo Zeus (ΖΕΥΣ) or Demeter (ΔΗΜΗΤΡΑ) Jupiter or Ceres July 21
Virgo Demeter (ΔΗΜΗΤΡΑ) or Athena (ΑΘΗΝΑ) Ceres or Minerva August 21
Libra Hestia (ΕΣΤΙΑ) or Hera (ΗΡΑ) Vesta or Juno September 21
Scorpio ares (ΑΡΗΣ) or Artemis (ΑΡΤΕΜΙΣ) Mars or Artemis October 21
Sagittarius Artemis (ΑΡΤΕΜΙΣ) or Zeus (ΖΕΥΣ) Artemis or :Jupiter November 21
Capricorn Hephaestos (ΗΦΑΙΣΤΟΣ) or Dionysus (ΔΙΌΝΥΣΟΣ) Vulcan or Dionysus December 21
Aquarius Hera (ΗΡΑ) or Apollo (ΑΠΟΛΛΩΝ) Juno or Apollo January 21
Pisces Poseidon (ΠΟΣΕΙΔΩΝ) Neptune February 21

See Also

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